Structure 600, aboveground kiva

About this Structure

General Location

West-central portion of the pueblo in Architectural Block 600.

Specific Location

Southwest edge of Architectural Block 600.

Interpretive Type

Not assigned.

Structure Use

This structure contains features typical of Pueblo III kivas in this region. Features exposed within the excavated portion of the structure consist of a masonry bench face, a southern recess, a pilaster, a hearth, and a masonry floor feature. The presence of a hearth indicates that the kiva was heated and lighted, and that cooking may have occurred there. Metate fragments, an awl, half of a white ware jar, and two complete peckingstones were left on the floor--these items suggest domestic use of the structure. Numerous tools were found in unburned roof fall; however, the origin of these materials is not clear. They might have originated on the roof, or might have originally been on the kiva floor and have since been disturbed. Or, they might have been deposited as refuse before the roof collapsed.


Some primary refuse and de facto refuse was left on the floor when the kiva was abandoned.


The presence of unburned roofing material beneath burned roofing material indicates that part of the roof had collapsed before the remainder of the roof was set on fire. Some of the burned timbers measured more than 10 cm in diameter and were probably primary beams. The rest of the depression filled with wall collapse from the kiva and from the associated roomblock to the north.

Excavation Details

No excavation details recorded for this study unit.