Structure 503, masonry surface structure

About this Structure

General Location

Block 500, west of drainage; borders southwest end of plaza.

Specific Location

West end of courtyard (Nonstructure 513); south of Nonstructure 502, north of Structure 504. Butts up against large boulder to the west.

Interpretive Type

Mealing room.

Structure Use

The four metate bins in this room indicate that this was used as a mealing room. The presence of a firepit beneath one of the metate bins (Feature 3) suggests the possibility that the room was orginally used as a living room. The raised-sill doorway in the south wall that was later plugged could also have been related to this earlier use and indicates mutual access between this room and Stucture 504 for a time. The floor-level doorway in the east wall provided mutual access between this room and the courtyard.

Abandonment

Numerous usable artifacts were found in the roof fall and on the floor of this structure, and there was no secondary refuse in the room fill. Thus, many usable items were neither taken by the residents nor scavenged by others, suggesting that abandonment of this structure and the kiva suite occurred at the same time the village was abandoned. Abandonment of the suite could have followed a ritual interment in Structure 501 (kiva), could have resulted from a warfare event, or from some other, unknown cause.

Postabandonment

Upper walls collapsed naturally.

Excavation Details

No excavation details recorded for this study unit.