Structure 400, kiva, type unknown

About this Structure

General Location

Block 400, just west of main drainage and southwest of spring.

Specific Location

East edge, central, of Block 400 rubble area.

Interpretive Type

Not assigned.

Structure Use

The presence of a prepared floor, formal hearth, deflector, ventilator system, pilaster, and masonry bench face in our test pit within a circular depression indicates that this structure fits our architectural definition of a kiva. It is inferred that this structure was probably used in the same ways that other ordinary-size kivas in this area were used during Pueblo III times (in general, for domestic purposes and household-level rituals). Within our excavation unit, few artifacts were left on the floor. A few sherds were present; a portion of a slab metate was the only tool found.


It is difficult to state the circumstances of abandonment with certainty from such limited data. However, it is clear that at the time of, or shortly after, the abandonment of the structure, a woman either died on the floor, or her remains were placed on the floor. The bones were disarticulated (and some are probably missing) by some unknown agent. Given the evidence that one or more warfare events caused the final abandonment of the village, and given that this structure is near two of the architectural blocks that contain abundant evidence of violent death, it is not unlikely that this person died violently.


The roof was intentionally burned, although only some timbers were actually charred. Wall fall debris from the upper portions of these walls as well as possibly from other nearby structures was naturally deposited in the depression and additional sediment was deposited naturally.

Excavation Details

No excavation details recorded for this study unit.