Structure 1502, aboveground kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Block 1500, west-central portion of site, east of plaza.

Specific Location

West half of the D-shaped building.

Interpretive Type

Not assigned.

Structure Use

Most features observed within the excavated portion of this structure are typical of Pueblo III kivas in this region (formal hearth, pilasters, benches, southern recess, deflector, ventilator system, niches), so it is possible that this structure was used in the same ways that other small kivas in this area were used during Pueblo III times (in general, for domestic purposes and household-level rituals). However, the structure is unusual in several ways that might reflect special use or status. Unlike other kivas at this site (except for Structure 1501), this kiva is located within a D-shaped, bi-wall structure. Not typical of ordinary-size kivas is the presence of a subfloor ventilator tunnel in addition to the more typical, floor-level ventilation system. As in Structure 1501 (kiva) adjacent to the east, both systems appear to have been part of the original construction of the kiva. However, unlike in Structure 1501, at some point during the use of Structure 1502, the subfloor ventilator tunnel was filled and a deflector was constructed on that fill. A large, unusual, roofed pit feature (Feature 14) was also constructed into this fill near the south wall of the structure. A metate bin, also not typically found in kivas (but also present in Structure 1501) was present along the north wall of the structure. Artifacts on the floor and bench surfaces included numerous stone tools, clusters of pottery sherds, a bone awl, and a typical array of domestic refuse.


This structure appears to have been abandoned in a leisurely manner before the village was abandoned. A small amount of sediment was deposited naturally in the central portion of the floor, and then the structure was briefly reused (for an unknown purpose), as evidenced by the presence of a burned spot (Feature 8) on top of this sediment.


The structure roof was burned, or at least some portion of it was burned. The resulting debris as well as the upper portions of the walls collapsed into the kiva depression. Additional sediment was also deposited naturally.

Excavation Details

No excavation details recorded for this study unit.