Structure 1400, kiva, type unknown

About this Structure

General Location

Block 1400, southeastern extension of the site.

Specific Location

West edge of Block 1400, below the "point" formed by the north-south cliff veering sharply to the east.

Interpretive Type

Not assigned.

Structure Use

The presence of a prepared surface, a deflector, a masonry bench, and a ventilation system within our test unit in a circular depression indicates that this structure fits our architectural definition of a kiva. Thus, it is inferred that this structure was probably used in the same ways that other ordinary-size kivas in this area were used during Pueblo III times (in general, for domestic purposes and household-level rituals). Some sherds, an axe, and a mano were among the few artifacts left on the floor at abandonment.


It is difficult to assess the mode of abandonment from the limited data available. It is clear, however, that some portion of the roof was burned at the same time or shortly after the kiva was abandoned.


After the kiva was abandoned, the unburned, and then the burned, roofing material collapsed onto the floor, then a small amount of the upper walls collapsed into the depression, and a relatively greater amount of sediment was deposited naturally.

Excavation Details

No excavation details recorded for this study unit.