Structure 1206, aboveground kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Block 1200, southeast quadrant of site, on cliff edge.

Specific Location

Approximate center of excavated portion of Block 1200. Below Arbitrary Unit 1213. A very small portion along the north and east edges of the structure--basically the benches on that side of the kiva--are below Nonstructure 1218 as well.

Interpretive Type

Not assigned.

Structure Use

Few artifacts were found on or near the floor of the kiva; thus, little can be inferred about the specific activities that occurred there. Most features within this structure are typical of Pueblo III kivas in this region (formal hearth, pilasters, benches, southern recess, sipapu, deflector, ventilator system, niches), so it is inferred that this structure was probably used in the same ways that other small, kivas in this area were used during Pueblo III times (in general, for domestic purposes and household-level rituals). One unusual feature in this kiva was a subfloor ventilator tunnel (a more typical, floor-level ventilation system was also present). Also unusual were the presence of tunnels at the level of the bench surface that provided access to hatchway entries into Structures 1219 and 1222 (corner rooms).


The paucity of artifacts on the floor and bench surfaces indicates that the structure was abandoned in a leisurely manner while occupation of the village, perhaps other areas of the architectural block, and maybe even other structures in this kiva suite, continued to be used.


A small amount of sediment was naturally deposited on the floor just north of the hearth. This material probably entered the structure through the roof hatchway. Numerous sherds and some rocks were associated with this sediment, but the origin and means of deposition of these objects is not known. They could have been deposited during a brief reuse of the structure, or could have been deposited as refuse through the hatchway. After this, it appears that some portion of the roof was burned and other portions of the roof were salvaged. Upper walls and probably the upper portions of pilasters collapsed, possibly during, and certainly after, the collapse of the roof, and additional sediment was deposited naturally. During pothunting activities in recent times, some of the fill was removed from the structure and some of the architecture was destroyed.

Excavation Details

No excavation details recorded for this study unit.