Structure 118, kiva corner room

About this Structure

General Location

Block 100, north end of site, just west of drainage.

Specific Location

Below Arbitrary Unit 115, in east "wing" of Block 100. Located just outside (to the southwest) the Structure 108 main chamber (kiva), between the kiva and the kiva-enclosing wall.

Interpretive Type

Storage room.

Structure Use

The small size and low roof of this room indicates that it was probably used for storage rather than for habitation or work. Reconstructible vessels and a few tools were found on the sloping bedrock floor and appear to have been stored in the room, presumably by the residents of Structure 108 (kiva). Access would have been through a hatchway in the roof. The three small recesses in the south wall and one small recess in the north wall that have been interpreted as beam sockets are approximately 50 to 80 cm above the bedrock surface, indicating that the roof was very low. It is not clear whether the space above this roof was construction fill or an upper room. A small opening in the east wall (Feature 22, pass-through) below the level of the sockets allowed objects to be passed from someone in Structure 118 to someone in the kiva ventilator tunnel. Both people would have been children, given the low roof height of Structure 118 and the small size of the vent tunnel. Use of this room is tied to occupation of Structures 108, 102 (kiva), and 116 (corner room) by the presence of sherds from common vessels in all four of these structures, and also by the presence of the scattered human remains from one individual (Human Remains Occurrence 4) in all four of these structures. However, it is not clear whether these sherds and bones became scattered during habitation of the architectural block, or as a result of unknown events that occurred as part of abandonment of the block, or resulted from events that occurred after the block had been abandoned for some time.

Abandonment

The roof was not burned. Use of the room appears to have ended before the occupation of associated Structure 108 (kiva) ended. Evidence of this is intentional fill on the floor of Structure 118.

Postabandonment

After intentional fill and some naturally deposited sediment came to rest on the floor, a layer of refuse fill was deposited into the room, probably through the hatchway in the roof. This refuse contains sherds from Vessels 4 and 79; other sherds from these vessels were found on the floor, in the roof fall, and in the ventilator tunnel of Structure 108. Also deposited by one or more persons in this layer of domestic refuse are disarticulated bones from at least one adult and from the body of the adolescent that was originally deposited on the floor of Structure 108. Other bones from Human Remains Occurrence 4 were found in refuse fill in the ventilator tunnel of Structure 108, and other bones from this subadult and at least one adult were found in the fill of Structure 116 (corner room), on the floor and in the roof fall of Structure 108 (kiva), and in an adjacent midden (Nonstructure 103). Sherds from Vessels 4 and 79 (a mug and a bowl, respectively) were also deposited in many of these same proveniences. The remains of a young woman were found on the floor of Structure 107 (kiva), and the remains of a man that had suffered a lethal blow to the skull were found on the floor of Structure 105 (storage room)--neither of these people had been formally buried. Additional scattered human remains were found: in a niche, near the structure floor, and in the wall fall of Structure 101 (tower); on the bench, in roof fall, and in wall fall in Structure 102 (kiva); and in the midden (Nonstructure 103). Thus, because the timing of the abandonment of most of the structures in the excavated portion of this architectural block appears to have been linked to a violent event, it is possible that the deposition of parts of Vessels 4 and 79, and of bones from Human Remains Occurrence 4 and one or more adults into Structure 118 occurred either as part of that violent event, or as part of associated activities that followed that event.

Excavation Details

No excavation details recorded for this study unit.