Structure 107, aboveground kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Block 100, north end of site, just west of drainage.

Specific Location

Below Arbitrary Unit 112, in east "wing" of Block 100. South of Structure 101, west-northwest of Structure 102.

Interpretive Type

Not assigned.

Structure Use

This is an unusual structure in that it is small, rectangular, and structurally more like a surface room than a kiva, but contains features typical of kivas (hearth, deflector, ventilation system, wall niches). So although the structure does not contain benches, pilasters, or a sipapu, it is inferred to have been used for the same activities for which typical kivas were used (domestic activities and ritual activities at the household level). One unusual feature (Feature 3) is a low platform in the northeast corner of the room; the use of this feature is not known. A doorway (Feature 8) high in the north wall allowed mutual access between this structure and Structure 101 (tower). However, this doorway appears to have been constructed when the site-enclosing wall was built, which would have predated the construction of this kiva. This doorway thus apparently originally provided access between Structure 101 (tower) and one or more structures that predated Structure 107 in this location. The presence of a hearth and a ventilator tunnel and shaft indicates that Structure 107 was also accessible through a roof hatchway. Another floor-level doorway (Feature 6) was blocked with masonry; the blocking occurred either before Structure 107 was built, or as part of the construction of Structure 107, or sometime during the occupation of this structure. A pass-though (Feature 4) in the west wall was also blocked, and because a portion of this feature is below the prepared floor of the structure, it is inferred that this feature was associated with an earlier structure, and was intentionally blocked when Structure 107 was built. Artifacts on the floor and in roof fall include a small number of partial vessels, some stone tools, and other domestic debris. Portions of two different vessels (Vessels 44 and 81) were found on or near the floor and also in the roof fall of this structure, as well as in naturally deposited sediment below roof fall in Structure 102 (kiva). Portions of Vessel 25 were found in floor features, roof fall, and upper fill of Structure 107, in the upper fill of Structure 102 (kiva), in Niche 25 in Structure 116 (corner room), and on the floor and in the fill of Structure 105 (storage room). It is not possible to determine how these sherds came to be distributed in those contexts, but one might infer that this distribution is evidence of (1) occupation or use of those structures (along with Structure 101, which is connected to Structure 107 by a doorway) by one residence group, (2) ritual distribution of these sherds, (3) a violent abandonment event in which vessels became broken and scattered, or (4) any combination of the above. That distribution of sherds also suggests that these structures were still in use just before the kiva suite was abandoned.

Abandonment

The roof was not burned. The structure appears to have been abandoned when the body of a young woman was deposited on the floor. The body does not appear to have been formally buried, and the skeleton was largely disarticularted as a result of unknown agents. The rotted roof collapsed naturally. The absence of refuse above roof fall suggests that this area of Block 100 was abandoned at the same time that Structure 107 was abandoned. The contexts, depositional environments, and condition of human remains in other structures in this area (Structures 101, 102, 105, 108, 116, and 118) suggest that abandonment of all of these structures was associated with a violent event in which at least some of the residents of the structures were killed and not formally buried.

Postabandonment

The roof and upper walls appear to have collapsed naturally.

Excavation Details

No excavation details recorded for this study unit.