Structure 1013, kiva, type unknown

About this Structure

General Location

Block 1000, northeast quadrant of site.

Specific Location

Southernmost tip of Block 1000.

Interpretive Type

Not assigned.

Structure Use

Although this test unit was only partly excavated, the exposure of a masonry wall and what appeared to be a ventilator tunnel opening within our test pit, which is located in a circular depression, suggest that this structure fits our architectural definition of a kiva. If this was, in fact, a kiva, this structure was probably used in the same ways that other ordinary-size kivas in this area were used during Pueblo III times (in general, for domestic purposes and household-level rituals).


At the level the test pit was abandoned and backfilled, burned roof fall was exposed. It is thus clear that the roof was intentionally burned, but how near this event was to structure abandonment cannot be determined from the available data.


Associated with the collapse of the burned roof, or the collapse of the upper portions of the walls, or both, were numerous human bones. These bones, many of which were fragmentary, were scattered and disarticulated, but were not documented or analyzed. The context of these remains is similar to other remains in this and other architectural blocks at this site of individuals that appear to have died in a warfare event and not formally buried. It is thus not unlikely that the individual or individuals represented by the remains in the fill of Structure 1013 also died in that event, and that the deposition of the remains was associated with the resulting abandonment of the structure, suite, or village (perhaps all three occurred at the same time). After the human remains were deposited, additional wall debris collapsed into the depression, and additional sediment was deposited naturally. No refuse was present in the fill.

Excavation Details

No excavation details recorded for this study unit.