Structure 1012, kiva, type unknown

About this Structure

General Location

Block 1000, northeast quadrant of site.

Specific Location

West side of Block 1000, central; overlooking the main drainage.

Interpretive Type

Not assigned.

Structure Use

The presence of a prepared floor, hearth, ventilation system, deflector, pilaster, and masonry bench face within our test unit in a circular depression indicates that this structure fits our architectural definition of a kiva. Thus, it is inferred that this structure was probably used in the same ways that other ordinary-size kivas in this area were used during Pueblo III times (in general, for domestic purposes and household-level rituals). Clusters of sherds, a reconstructible black-on-white olla, a complete metate and mano, and a small amount of other household debris were found on the small area of floor exposed within our test pit.


It is difficult to assess the mode of abandonment from the limited data available. At least a portion of the roof was burned at or near abandonment, and some parts of the roof might have begun to collapse or been dismantled before the burning.


Unburned portions of the roof collapsed onto the floor, then the burned portion of the roofing material collapsed. Upper portions of the walls of this structure, as well as possibly the walls of nearby structures, collapsed into the depression, and additional sediment was deposited naturally.

Excavation Details

No excavation details recorded for this study unit.