Structure 406, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

West-central portion of site.

Specific Location

Northeastern portion of Block 400; below Backhoe Trench 403.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 406 is similar to other kivas occupied during the Pueblo III period and was probably used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. The presence of bowl and jar sherds on the structure floor, as well as a one-hand mano, indicates a domestic use of the structure. The presence of a hearth, Feature 2, also indicates a domestic use of the structure and would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation. A modified flake, a peckingstone, and a pendant were also found in the hearth fill.


Structure 406 was abandoned in the late Pueblo III period. Vessels, tools, and ornaments were left on the structure floor and in the hearth at abandonment. The roof was intentionally burned. The roof collapsed on to the structure floor.


Natural sediments accumulated above the collapsed roof; the upper portions were disturbed by plowing.

Excavation Details