Structure 241, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Central portion of site.

Specific Location

East-central portion of Block 200; below Backhoe Trench 240.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 241 is similar to other kivas occupied during the late Pueblo III period and was probably used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. The presence of multiple jar and bowl sherds on the structure floor, as well as a polishing stone, indicates a domestic use of the structure. A metate bin (Feature 1) was also present on the floor and contained two two-hand manos, two worked pieces of sandstone, and one slab metate. The presence of a hearth (Feature 5) also indicates a domestic use of the structure and was used for light, heat, and food preparation. A worked piece of slate (shale?) and a possible effigy head was found in the hearth fill. The presence of a sipapu (Feature 4) indicates a ritual use of the structure.


Structure 241 was abandoned in the late Pueblo III period. Structure 241 was one of the latest structures occupied immediately prior to regional abandonment. Vessels, tools, and other items (effigy head and worked slate) were left on the structure floor, in the metate bin, and in the hearth at abandonment. The roof was intentionally burned. The roof collapsed on to the structure floor.


Natural sediments accumulated above the collapsed roof. Structure 242 was constructed above the natural sediments. The upper portions of natural fill were disturbed by plowing.

Excavation Details