Structure 234, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Central portion of site.

Specific Location

West-central portion of Block 200; below Backhoe Trench 227.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 234 is similar to other kivas occupied during the late Pueblo II and early Pueblo III periods and was probably used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. The presence of multiple bowl and jar sherds on the structure floor, as well as three two-hand manos and a pecking stone, indicates a domestic use of the structure. The presence of three two-hand manos on the bench also indicates a domestic use of the structure. The presence of a hearth, with a biface, a slab metate, a two-hand mano, an unfired clay disc, and a small clay coil in the hearth fill, also indicates a domestic use of the structure. The hearth would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation.

Abandonment

Based on pottery data, this structure was abandoned in the early Pueblo III period (no Mesa Verde Black-on-white was present on the floor surface). Multiple tools and vessels were left on the structure floor, on the bench, and in the hearth fill at abandonment. The primary beams were removed and recycled. The remaining roof sediments collapsed on to the structure floor.

Postabandonment

Natural sediments accumulated above the roof sediments. Secondary refuse, Nonstructure 233, was deposited above the natural sediments; the upper portions were disturbed by plowing.

Excavation Details