Structure 225, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Central portion of site.

Specific Location

North-central portion of Block 200; below Structure 229 and Backhoe Trenches 220 and 228.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 225 is similar to other kivas constructed during the Pueblo III period and was probably used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. The presence of multiple jar and bowl fragments on the floor, as well as a biface, a two-handed mano, and a projectile point, indicates a domestic use of the structure. The presence of a hearth (Feature 3) which contained a miniature pinch pot and a polishing stone, also indicates a domestic use of the structure. The hearth would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation. The presence of a sipapu (Feature 2) indicates a ritual use of the structure.


Based on pottery data, Structure 225 was abandoned during the late Pueblo III period. Several jar and bowl fragments were on the structure floor which may have represented complete vessels prior to the roof collapse. A biface, a two-handed mano, a projectile point, a miniature pinch pot, and a polishing stone were also left in the structure prior to abandonment.


After the roof collapsed on to the floor surface, Structure 229 (probable shrine) was constructed within Structure 225.

Excavation Details