Structure 223, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Central portion of site.

Specific Location

Northwestern portion of Block 200; below Backhoe Trench 218.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 223 is similar to other kivas occupied during the Pueblo III period and was probably used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. The presence of bowl and jar fragments indicates a domestic use of the structure. The presence of a hearth, Feature 1, also indicates a domestic use of the structure and would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation.


Structure 223 was abandoned in the late Pueblo III period (based on pottery in contact with the floor surface). Bowl and jar fragments in contact with the floor indicates that whole vessels may have been left at abandonment. The roof was intentionally burned. The roof collapsed on to the structure floor. It is possible that this is one of the latest structures occupied immediately prior to regional abandonment.


Natural sediments accumulated above the roof sediments; the upper portions were disturbed by plowing.

Excavation Details