Structure 221, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Central portion of site.

Specific Location

Northwestern portion of Block 200; below Backhoe Trenches 216 and 230.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 221 is similar to other kivas constructed during the Pueblo III period and was probably used in a combination of domestic and ritual use. Multiple bowl and jar sherds, as well as a two-hand mano, on the structure floor indicates a domestic use of the structure. The hearth also indicates a domestic use of the structure and would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation.


Based on pottery data, this structure was no longer used after the late Pueblo III period. It may have been occupied immediately prior to regional abandonment. Multiple bowl and jar fragments were on the floor surface and may represent complete vessels. The roof was intentionally burned. The burned sediments collapsed on to the floor surface.


Natural sediments accumulated above the roof sediments. The upper portion was disturbed by plowing.

Excavation Details