Structure 1416, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Northeastern portion of site.

Specific Location

West-central portion of Block 1400; below Backhoe Trench 1415.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 1416 is similar to other pit structures occupied during the Pueblo III period and was probably used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. The presence of multiple jar and bowl sherds on the floor surface, as well as an abrader, indicates a domestic use of the structure. The presence of a hearth (Feature 1) also indicates a domestic use of the structure and would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation.

Abandonment

The primary beams in the roof of Structure 1416 were probably removed and recycled. The remainder of the roof sediments collapsed on to the structure floor. Mesa Verde Black-on-white pottery was on the floor of Structure 1416, therefore the structure was abandoned during the Pueblo III period. Secondary refuse, Nonstructure 1418, was deposited into Structure 1416 after the roof collapsed. Nonstructure 1418 was deposited in the early Pueblo III period. Therefore, Structure 1416 was no longer used in the early Pueblo III period. Natural sediments accumulated above Nonstructure 1418 deposits. The upper portion of the natural sediments were disturbed by plowing.

Postabandonment

Secondary refuse, Nonstructure 1418, was deposited into Structure 1416 after the roof collapsed. Natural sediments accumulated above Nonstructure 1418 deposits. The upper portion of the natural sediments were disturbed by plowing.

Excavation Details