Structure 1402, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Northeastern portion of site.

Specific Location

Central portion of Block 1400; below Backhoe Trenches 1403 and 1404 and Structure 1412.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 1402 is similar to other pit structures occupied during the Pueblo III period and was probably used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. The presence of multiple jar and bowl fragments as well as one core, one indeterminate ground stone, one two-hand mano, and one single-bitted axe indicates a domestic use of the structure. The presence of a hearth (Feature 4) also indicates a domestic use of the structure and would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation. Artifacts found in the hearth included a small clay bell, a peckingstone, and a two-hand mano. The presence of a sipapu (Feature 5) indicates a ritual function of Structure 1402. A sandstone pot lid, a single-bitted axe, a bead, a polished igneous stone, and two polished, rectangular pieces of petrified wood were in contact with the southern recess bench (Feature 7). These items represent both domestic and ritual activities.


Based on tree-ring dates and pottery data, Structure 1402 was abandoned in the late Pueblo III period. This structure may have been one of the last used at the site immediately prior to regional migration. Multiple tools, vessels, and corn were left inside of the structure. The roof was intentionally burned at abandonment.


After the burned roof fell on to the structure floor, natural sediments accumulated in the depression left by Structure 1402. Structure 1412, a possible shrine, was constructed on the natural sediments at approximately the bench level of Structure 1402.

Excavation Details