Structure 139, earth-walled pit structure

About this Structure

General Location

Central portion of site.

Specific Location

East-central portion of Block 100.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 139 is similar to other pit structures occupied during the Pueblo II period and was probably used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. The presence of multiple jar and bowl sherds on the structure floor, as well as a biface and a two-hand mano, indicates a domestic use of Structure 139. Two indeterminate ground stones, one peckingstone, four one-hand manos, and two two-hand manos were left on the bench surface. These artifacts also indicate a domestic use of the structure. The presence of a hearth (Feature 6) and an ash pit (Feature 7) indicates a domestic use of the structure and would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation.

Abandonment

The primary roof beams were removed and probably recycled. The remaining roof sediments collapsed on to the structure floor. Natural sediments accumulated above the roof sediments. The presence of Mesa Verde Black-on-white pottery in the hearth (Feature 6) indicates the structure was abandoned during the Pueblo III period.

Postabandonment

Natural sediments accumulated above the collapsed roof sediments.

Excavation Details