Structure 1316, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

East-central portion of site.

Specific Location

Southwestern portion of Block 1300; below Backhoe Trench 1314.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 1316 is similar to other subterranean kivas occupied during the Pueblo III period and was probably used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. The presence of a sipapu (Feature 6) indicates a ritual function. Bowl and jar sherds were found on the floor surface as well as a single bitted axe, a slab metate, and a two hand mano. These items indicates a domestic use of the structure. The hearth (Feature 5) also indicates a domestic use of the structure and would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation.


Based on pottery data (no Mesa Verde Black-on-white sherds were present), Structure 1316 was abandoned in the early Pueblo III period. The roof was intentionally burned at abandonment.


After the roof was burned and fell on to the floor surface, natural sediments accumulated in the depression left by the structure.

Excavation Details