Structure 1108, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Northwestern portion of site.

Specific Location

East-central portion of Block 1100; below Backhoe Trench 1105 and Nonstructure 1107.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 1108 is similar to other subterranean kivas occupied during the Pueblo III period and was probably used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. The presence of bowl and jar sherds on the floor surface and in the hearth indicates domestic activities. The hearth (Structure 1108 Feature 1) also indicates a domestic use of the structure and would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation.


Structure 1108 was abandoned in the early Pueblo III period. This inference is based on the secondary refuse deposits (Nonstructure 1107) directly above the roof sediments of Structure 1108, and the pottery sherds on Surface 1. The primary beams appear to have been removed and were probably recycled.


Shortly after the roof sediments collapsed onto Surface 1, secondary refuse (Nonstructure 1107) was deposited into the depression left by Structure 1108. Some natural sediments accumulated above Nonstructure 1107. Plowing disturbed the upper portion of the refuse deposits.

Excavation Details