Structure 406, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

At grid-northeast edge of site.

Specific Location

2 m grid southeast of Structure 404.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Use of structure inferred to be consistent with other small kivas of this time period--probably some combination of domestic and ritual uses. Artifacts left on the surface of the southern recess include a mano, an abrader, a pendant, and miscellaneous sherds. Artifacts left on the floor include a core, a chipped-stone tool, a ball of unfired clay, and miscellaneous sherds. These artifacts suggest that a variety of domestic activities occurred in this structure. Structure was probably used in manner similar to other small, late-Pueblo III kivas in this area..


This structure appears to have been abandoned in a manner similar to other kivas at the site--that is, as a result of an attack in which many villagers were killed and that ended the occupation of the village. Some portion of the roof was burned.


Natural collapse and filling of the kiva depression.

Excavation Details