Structure 405, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

In a flat area at the base of the slope, north of butte.

Specific Location

Few meters west of Structure 406.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Use of structure inferred to be consistent with other small kivas of this time period--probably some combination of domestic and ritual uses. Few artifacts left on floor--a metate was left leaning against the deflector. The presence of this artifact suggests that food processing or meal preparation occurred in the structure.

Abandonment

Although no human remains were recovered in the 2 x 1 unit excavated in this kiva, the partly burned roof, missing cribbing beams, and absence of trash in the kiva fill indicate that this structure was abandoned at the same time and in the same way that most other structures on the site were abandoned--as a result of an attack that caused the deaths of many villagers and that ended the occupation of the village.

Postabandonment

Natural collapse and filling of the kiva depression.

Excavation Details