Structure 301, masonry surface structure

About this Structure

General Location

On top of the butte.

Specific Location

Located in a notch in the butte top above Structures 109 and 305.

Interpretive Type


Structure Use

The precarious location and difficult access associated with this structure strongly suggests defensive use. The entire structure rested on logs wedged into a natural notch in the butte. Access would have been from the roof of Structure 305, or could have been gained from the roof of two-story Structure 307/310 (on a ledge midway up the north face of the butte). Structure 301 could have been more than one story tall, historic photo (WHJ164) shows complex construction--two levels of horizontal timber supports about three feet apart vertically, so either the floor was on a very thick construction layer, or perhaps there was a short storage area between the two layers of logs that was accessible by a hatchway in the upper floor. Structure 301 could have been used as a sanctuary during attack, as a strategic position from which to fight defensively, and/or could have been used to store provisions for use in case of a siege, and to store food where it would be inaccessible to thieving raiding.


No direct data--assumed to have been abandoned as a result of an attack in which many of the villagers were killed and that ended the occupation of the village.


No data; appears to be natural deterioration--amazing preservation considering the age and precarious location.

Excavation Details

No excavation details recorded for this study unit.