Structure 105, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Just south of butte.

Specific Location

2 m grid east of Structure 110.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Use of structure inferred to be consistent with other small kivas of this time period--probably some combination of domestic and ritual uses. Direct evidence of use includes two pieces of ground stone on the floor of the ventilator tunnel, and abundant burned corn and numerous ground-stone tools mixed in with burned roof fall in the southern recess.


Burned roof fall resting directly on surface of southern recess indicates that the roof was burned when the structure was abandoned; absence of secondary refuse above roof fall indicates the structure was abandoned when occupation of the village ended. The structure thus appears to have been intentionally burned when occupation of the village ended. This structure is one of only two kivas on the site in which human remains were not encountered during testing (however, only a small portion of the southern recess was excavated, so it's possible that human remains are present in the main chamber). Village occupation is believed to have ended as the result of an attack that resulted in the deaths of many of the villagers.


After roof collapse, southern recess filled naturally with wall fall and alluvial, colluvial and aeolian sediments.

Excavation Details