Structure 101, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Southeast edge of site.

Specific Location

3.5 m east-southeast of Structure 107.

Interpretive Type

Mealing room.

Structure Use

Evidence of final use includes high proportion of ground-stone tools on floor and in roof fall; thus, structure might have been a mealing room toward end of occupation. Appears to have been a kiva originally--prepared floor ends at top course of a remnant of curved masonry wall that also extends below floor level to bedrock. There is also some partly intact masonry above floor level in the southwest corner of the excavation unit that was not interpretable because so little was exposed..

Abandonment

Some usable tools left on floor, but also debris in the form of sandstone rocks and slabs. Inferred abandonment sequence: as part of a village-wide attack that resulted in the deaths of many villagers. The body of an adult male was deposited on top of the sandstone debris on floor; the burning roof was then collapsed onto the body, lightly charring small areas of cranium and arm bones. Large roof beams were probably removed at an unknown point in time during this sequence (largest beams in roof fall are 5 cm diameter).

Postabandonment

Structure filled naturally with wall fall and colluvial, alluvial and aeolian sediments.

Excavation Details