Structure 136, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

West-central portion of site.

Specific Location

Southwest portion of Architectural Block 100; 489N 466E.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 136 is similar to other kivas occupied during the Late Pueblo III period and was most likely used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. The presence of a hearth (Features 2) indicates a domestic use of the structure and would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation. The presence of one ladle, one jar, and two bowls indicates a domestic use of the structure. There were two baskets below Vessel 10, which was turned up-side-down to cover the baskets. One of the baskets was coiled (foundation type: 3 rod and bundle) and constructed with branches from the lemonade berry bush. The other basket was plaited (plaiting type: 3/3) and constructed from yucca leaves. The plaited basket was flattened and resembled a plate-like shape. Ground corn of various sizes ranging from meal to whole kernels were present between the two baskets. Vessel 10 protected the textiles and ground corn from the structural fire at abandonment even though the baskets and corn were charred.

Abandonment

Structure 136 was intentionally set on fire at abandonment. The burned roof collapsed on to the structure floor and was covered by Nonstructure 130 refuse deposits. Several vessels were left on the structure floor at abandonment including: one McElmo Black-on-white bowl (Vessel 10); one Mesa Verde corrugated grey jar (Vessel 11); one polychrome brown (Vessel 12); and one Mesa Verde Black-on-white ladle (Vessel 13). This is one of the latest occupied structures tested at Albert Porter Pueblo.

Postabandonment

Natural wind and water sediments accumulated above Nonstructure 130 secondary refuse deposits. A looters pit was visible in the north profile wall.

Excavation Details