Structure 112, aboveground kiva

About this Structure

General Location

West-central portion of site.

Specific Location

West-central portion of Architectural Block 100; 495.6N 493E; 489.9N 491.1E; Segments 1-4.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 112 is similar to other kivas occupied during the Late Pueblo II and Early Pueblo III periods and was most likely used for domestic and ritual activities. The presence of a hearth (Feature 1) indicates a domestic use of the structure and would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation. The presence of Chacoan influenced architecture--the only kiva on the site constructed above-ground, blocked-in, with a sub-floor ventilation system, multiple benches, and eight pilasters-- indicates that this structure had a special function. Chacoan-style architecture may indicate that the occupants of Structure 112 held a unique position within the community. Structure 112 was constructed on the highest, most prominent location on the site, further indicating that the structure held a unique function within the larger community. Although the structure may have had a unique function, it is believed Structure 112 also served as a residence.


Structure 112 fell out of use during the Early Pueblo III period. It appears that the primary beams were removed from the roof and the remaining construction sediments and secondary beams were collapsed directly on to the structure floor.


Natural wind and water sediments covered the collapsed roof sediments. Masonry wall collapse was prevalent in the northeastern section of the structure.

Excavation Details