Structure 109, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Central portion of the site.

Specific Location

Southwestern portion of Architectural Block 100; 480.8N 484.4E.

Interpretive Type

Living room.

Structure Use

Structure 109 is similar to other kivas occupied during the Early Pueblo III period and was most likely used in a combination of domestic and ritual activities. Pottery sherds were left on the floor surface at abandonment. The presence of the pottery indicates a domestic use of the structure. The presence of a hearth (Feature 1) further indicates a domestic use of the structure and would have been used for light, heat, and food preparation.


Structure 109 fell out of use during the Early Pueblo III period. It appears that the primary beams were removed from the roof and the remaining construction sediments and secondary beams were collapsed directly on to the structure floor.


Natural sediments and cultural fill washed into the depression from areas of higher elevation during the Pueblo III period.

Excavation Details