Structure 7-S, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Upper west side. On the talus slope, at base of the cliff.

Specific Location

North of Nonstructure 3 area.

Interpretive Type

Not assigned.

Structure Use

Items associated with the latest floor include a complete bone awl, an incomplete bone awl, a complete bone scraper, a complete one-hand mano, and an incomplete stone disk; roof fall artifacts that may have once rested on or in the roof include a couple of awls (one complete, one incomplete), a complete biface, a complete projectile point, a couple of complete cores, an incomplete projectile point, a partial vessel, and two modified bone fragments that could have been part of a flute; most of these items suggest domestic activities took place during the final use of the structure; the purpose of the pits on Surface 2 is not known, however, one of the pits may have been a sipapu; the presence of a fire-reddened area on the floor suggests the presence of a thermal feature, possibly the edge of a hearth.


Several complete tools and a couple of incomplete tools were left on the kiva floor and possibly the kiva roof; based on roof fall deposits, it appears that some of the roof was burned, however, no primary beams were found, suggesting they were salvaged; in addition, some of the beam fragments in roof fall were not burned, which suggests parts of the roof naturally deteriorated.


Kiva filled with roof and wall fall and natural deposits; some secondary refuse from further upslope may have been naturally redeposited in the upper fill of this structure.

Excavation Details

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 5 Area of upper west side
section UW Upper west side
subperiod 9 Late Pueblo III (A.D. 1225-1280)