Structure 2-S, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom.

Specific Location

East of Nonstructure 1-N and southeast of a large boulder that has the remains of a possible tower on it.

Interpretive Type

Not assigned.

Structure Use

Kiva-type use based on presence of hearth and sipapu. Floor artifacts were scarce and were not indicative of particular activities. This kiva went through several stages of remodeling, as shown by at least three floors, and a remodeled hearth that was eventually replaced by another hearth. Possible paho marks in sipapu suggest ritual activities took place in the kiva. A complete core, two abraders, and a mano were found in roof fall and may have once rested on the roof or were stored in the ceiling. If so, they suggest domestic activities may have also occurred during the final use of this structure.


Sherds and flakes left on floor; several complete items may have been left on or in the kiva roof; roof appears to have been dismantled as there are no beams and a limited amount of roofing sediment in fill; the near absence of floor artifacts and roof timbers suggests a planned abandonment or that items were salvaged by others after structure was no longer in use.


Structure filled with eolian and alluvial deposits and wall collapse from the kiva and/or the nearby roomblock and towers.

Excavation Details

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 2 Area of canyon bottom
section LW Lower west side (canyon bottom)
subperiod 8 Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)