Structure 1-S, subterranean kiva

About this Structure

General Location

Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom.

Specific Location

West of Nonstructure 1-N and north of Nonstructure 4-N.

Interpretive Type

Not assigned.

Structure Use

Limited data; one floor pit feature; floor artifacts were scarce; roof fall artifacts (complete cores, complete peckingstones, a complete projectile point, a complete mano, a complete maul, and an incomplete polishingstone) may have once rested on the roof or were stored in the ceiling; if this was the case, these tools suggest a variety of domestic activities took place during the final use of this area.


One complete bone tube left on kiva floor and some complete or almost complete items may have been left on or in the kiva roof; roof appears to have been dismantled because no timbers were encountered in the structure fill; the near absence of floor artifacts and roof timbers suggests a planned abandonment or that items were salvaged by others after structure was no longer in use; some refuse may have been discarded in the kiva after the roof was dismantled.


Structure filled with wall fall from roomblock to the north and natural deposits.

Excavation Details

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 1 Area of canyon bottom
section LW Lower west side (canyon bottom)
subperiod 8 Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)