Nonstructure 4.5-N, midden

About this Nonstructure

No Surface
No Masonry

General Location

Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom. Immediately south of Nonstructure 1-N and southwest of Structure 1 ( a tested kiva).

Specific Location

Upper half of Segment 2 (EU 52); rests below Nonstructures 4.1-N, 4.6-N, and 4.7-N.

Selection Criteria

Part of Nonstructure 4-N testing; see Nonstructure 4-N and associated EU for description and explanation of testing strategy.


Refuse discarded from kiva unit to the north (Structure 1-S); probably same deposit as Nonstructure 4.3-N; the top of this deposit was used as an extramural surface from which a pit was constructed (Nonstructure 4.7-N).


Covered with natural deposits that include redeposited secondary refuse.

Postabandonment Process

See Abandonment.

Dating of Midden

Pottery data suggest deposition occurred during Pueblo III times; the two most common formal pottery types are McElmo Black-on-white and Mesa Verde Black-on-white. Based on stratigraphic position, this midden predates two extramural surfaces (Nonstructure 4.6-N and 4.7-N).

Date Range

2 (A.D. 1140–1280)

Site-Wide Dating

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 1 Area of canyon bottom
section LW Lower west side (canyon bottom)
subperiod 8 Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)

Excavation Details for Excavation Units

In order by excavation unit number.

Excavation Unit



Segment 2 N E.
(1- x- 1- m)
Lower west side.
North part of Nonstructure 4; immediatley south of a suspected retaining wall which defines the south boundary of Structure 1.

Selection Criteria

Judgmental. This unit was placed upslope of all the random units in Nonstructure 4 to look for thicker secondary refuse deposits and to expose the suspected retaining wall associated with Structure 1.

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Undisturbed native sediment.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
extramural surface
extramural surface