Nonstructure 12.1-N, midden

About this Nonstructure

No Surface
No Masonry

General Location

East side of pueblo; lower portion of talus slope.

Specific Location

Immediately northwest of Structure 4-S, Segment 1.

Selection Criteria

Part of Nonstructure 12-N testing; see Nonstructure 12-N and associated excavation unit for description and explanation of testing strategy.


Refuse that has been naturally redeposited; mixed with natural deposits; believed to have been deposited after occupation; refuse probably originated from kiva suites north of and upslope from this area.


Not applicable.

Postabandonment Process

See Use.

Dating of Midden

Based on pottery data, this refuse was deposited during Pueblo III times. Because the trash has been redeposited, it may have come from multiple sources and probably includes materials that were deposited at different times.

Date Range

2 (A.D. 1140–1280)

Site-Wide Dating

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 3 Area of east talus slope
section E East side (east talus slope)
subperiod 9 Late Pueblo III (A.D. 1225-1280)

Excavation Details for Excavation Units

In order by excavation unit number.

Excavation Unit



Segment 1 N E.
East side of pueblo; lower portion of talus slope.
Northwest of Structure 4-S, Segment 2; northwest corner of a possible kiva depression.

Selection Criteria

Random. One of three possible kivas selected for testing in Sampling Stratum 2 (east half); the edge of a possible kiva was identified at the south end of the excavation unit, near the base of the unit.

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Fill continued. Edge of Structure 4-S identified at south end of unit; a large sandstone boulder reached in the rest of the unit.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description