Nonstructure 1.17-N, midden

About this Nonstructure

No Surface
No Masonry

General Location

Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom.

Specific Location

East of Structure 1, a tested kiva, and west of Structure 9, another tested kiva. Upper fill of Segment 8 (EU 39); below Nonstructure 1.16-N and above Nonstructures 1.18-N and 1.19-N.

Selection Criteria

Part of Nonstructure 1-N testing; see Nonstructure 1-N and associated EU for description and explanation of testing strategy.


Thin refuse deposit from a kiva (Structure 1) and its associated roomblock west of this study unit, and/or another kiva (Structure 9) to the east; this interpretation is based on the close proximity of the structures to this study unit.


A surface was constructed on top of this deposit.

Postabandonment Process

Not applicable.

Dating of Midden

Pottery recovered from this refuse dates between A.D. 900 and 1300. The stratigraphic position of this deposit suggests that this refuse accumulated before a surface (Nonstructure 1.16-N, Surface 1) and wall (Feature10) were constructed, but after another refuse deposit was discarded (Nonstructure 1.18-N), and an extramural surface (Nonstructure 1.19-N) was used.

Date Range

4 (A.D. 900–1280)

Site-Wide Dating

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 1 Area of canyon bottom
section LW Lower west side (canyon bottom)
subperiod 8 Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)

Excavation Details for Excavation Units

In order by excavation unit number.

Excavation Unit



Segment 8 N E.
(1 x 1 m)
Lower west side.
Southwest corner of Nst 1.

Selection Criteria

Judgmental. Selected to identify if open, flat area, known as Nonstructure 1 was a plaza or a great kiva; placed up against a stone alignment that forms south boundary of Nst 1; unit is also situated on the east edge of a low rubble mound that extends further to the

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Undisturbed native sediment.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
extramural surface
extramural surface