Structure 305, masonry surface structure

Features


Pit: not further specified (Feature 1) Top of page
General description
Slab-lined, subfloor bin in corner of room.
Use history
Function unknown; perhaps was used for storage, but was left empty at abandonment, so concrete evidence is lacking.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Northeast corner of room.
Vertical location
Floor (Surface 1).
Construction
Pit was excavated into construction sediments below the floor, then lined with sandstone slabs on all sides and its base.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
50
Yes
Width
43
Yes
Height
No
Not applicable.
Depth
26
Yes
Approximate.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Postabandonment, natural.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.

Doorway (Feature 2) Top of page
General description
Raised-sill doorway.
Use history
Provided access between Structure 305 and an unexcavated room or space to south.
Associated features
None (the room or space on the other side of the wall was not excavated, so a second feature number was not assigned).
Excavation procedure
This doorway was not recognized as a feature until all fill was removed as part of general wall clearing. Therefore PD 967 refers only to the presence of a doorway, not to fill or materials.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
South wall of room.
Vertical location
Documentation unclear. On the feature form, this doorway is recorded as being 50 cm above the floor (Surface 1). However, Database Photo 3180 appears to contradict this. Although there is no scale or north arrow in the photograph, if we are correct in ide
Construction
The sides of the doorway are of masonry construction, with pecked cornerstones. The sill is a stone slab. See Databse Photo 3180.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Poor.
Degree of preservation
Most side stones and the lintel are missing.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred:  rectangular.
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4080. The measured width of the sill stone is 70 cm, but the recorder estimated that the actual doorway was only about 50 cm wide.
Height
15
No
Depth
No
See Database Map 4080.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Doorway (Feature 3) Top of page
General description
Raised-sill doorway.
Use history
Provided access between Structure 305 and the space to the east (possibly into Structure 306, but also possibly into open space or an earlier room that may have existed before construction of Structure 306).
Associated features
Same doorway as Structure 306, Feature 9.
Excavation procedure
Exposed, not excavated.
Portion excavated
All exposed, none excavated.
Horizontal location
East wall of room, just south of center.
Vertical location
Sill is approximately 45 cm above floor (Surface 1).
Construction
The sides of the doorway are of masonry construction, with pecked cornerstones. The sill is a stone slab. The lintel is missing.
Remodeling/ modification
Yes. Plugged with irregular masonry.
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
Yes. Masonry plugged.
Preservation
Poor.
Degree of preservation
Upper sides and lintel are missing.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4080.
Height
No
100
Estimate made on basis of in-place stones and number and sizes of cornerstones found in fill.
Depth
No
See Database Map 4080.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Sandstone masonry used to intentionally plug doorway.
Not applicable.
Not recorded.
Not applicable.
Not applicable.

Pass-through (Feature 4) Top of page
General description
Floor-level wall opening.
Use history
This pass-through originally would have allowed objects to be passed between Structure 305 and the space to the east (either open space or an earlier room that may have existed before the construction of Structure 306). It was later blocked by the constru
Associated features
Same pass-through as Structure 306, Feature 10.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
East wall of room, south end.
Vertical location
Base of feature is flush with the room floor (Surface 1).
Construction
Constructed with the wall.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
Yes. The aperture itself is not plugged, but the construction of the lower lining wall of Structure 306 effectively blocked most of the opening from the east side.
Preservation
Degree of preservation
Not recorded.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4080.
Height
30
Yes
Depth
No
See Database Map 4080.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Not recorded, but probably was natural washed- and blown-in sediments.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.

Human remains occurrence , HRO 32 (Feature 5) (NOTE: Additional information on human remains is archived at the Anasazi Heritage Center, Dolores, Colorado.) Top of page
General description
Partial, disarticulated remains of a child, 2-3 years old.
Use history
No evidence that these remains were formally interred. How the remains came to be located in roof fall could not be determined.
Associated features
Excavation procedure
Excavated as part of Stratum 2 of Structure 305; not recognized as a feature during excavation.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Unknown.
Vertical location
Within Stratum 2 (roof fall) of the room.
Construction
Remodeling/ modification
Thermal alteration
Sooting
Sealed
Preservation
Poor
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown
Inferred:  unknown
Shape in cross section
Actual:  unknown
Inferred:  unknown
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not recorded.
Width
No
Not recorded.
Height
No
Depth
No
Not recorded.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture