Structure 1504, masonry surface structure

Features


Doorway (Feature 1) Top of page
General description
Raised-sill doorway.
Use history
Originally provided access between Structure 1504 and the space in the interior of the D-shaped building before Structure 1501 was built. The doorway was later plugged with masonry, then partly overlapped by the construction of the west wall of Bench 3 of
Associated features
Same doorway as Structure 1501, Feature 23.
Excavation procedure
Exposed, not excavated.
Portion excavated
None.
Horizontal location
South wall.
Vertical location
54 cm above floor (Surface 2).
Construction
The sides of the doorway are constructed of masonry blocks, only one of which is pecked. The lintel is a stone slab (broken); the sill is a stone block.
Remodeling/ modification
Yes. Plugged with uncoursed masonry, yellow clay mortar.
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
Yes. Masonry plugged.
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4221.
Height
80
Yes
Depth
No
See Database Map 4221.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Sandstone masonry used to intentionally plug doorway.
Not applicable.
Not recorded.
Not applicable.
Not applicable.

Doorway (Feature 2) Top of page
General description
Raised-sill doorway.
Use history
Originally provided access between Structures 1504 and 1513. Later, deliberately plugged.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Exposed, not excavated.
Portion excavated
None.
Horizontal location
West wall.
Vertical location
82 cm above floor (Surface 2).
Construction
The sides of the doorway are constructed of masonry, with mostly pecked cornerstones (pecked on two faces). The lintel is a sandstone slab that was both flaked and pecked. The sill is a flaked sandstone slab.
Remodeling/ modification
Yes. Plugged with masonry (large blocks, unpecked) set in mortar.
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
Yes. Masonry plugged.
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4221.
Height
69
Yes
Depth
No
Not revealed (neither the doorway nor the space on the other side of it were excavated).
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Sandstone masonry used to intentionally plug doorway.
Not applicable.
Not recorded.
Not applicable.
Not applicable.

Burned spot, surface feature (Feature 3) Top of page
General description
Oxidized, ashy area.
Use history
This was a spot where a fire was built directly on the floor. Used more than once.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database. Excavated only that portion of the feature that fell within the test unit.
Portion excavated
Portion exposed in test unit (approximately the west half).
Horizontal location
Center of east profile line (just east of center of room).
Vertical location
Floor (Surface 2).
Construction
Not formally constructed. This was an expedient feature created by the burning of a fire on the floor of the room.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Yes. Oxidized floor surface.
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred:  other.
Shape comments
Inferred plan: irregular circle or oval.
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
30
Yes
Along the east profile.
Width
17
No
East-west.
Height
No
Not applicable.
Depth
3
Yes
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
In-place burning, primary refuse.
Angular charcoal.
Not recorded.
White.
Ash.

Pit: not further specified (Feature 4) Top of page
General description
Small pit.
Use history
Function unknown; possibly a posthole.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Along north wall.
Vertical location
Floor (Surface 2).
Construction
Excavated into subfloor deposits.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  elliptical.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
16
Yes
East-west opening (18 cm at bottom).
Width
13
Yes
North-south opening (14 cm at bottom).
Height
No
Not applicable.
Depth
20
Yes
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Postabandonment, natural, wind-deposited sediment.
Roots.
None.
Brown.
Sandy loam.