Structure 108, aboveground kiva

Features


Bench segment #4 (Feature 1) Top of page
General description
Standard southern recess.
Use history
Function unknown.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database. Fill above bench excavated as Stratum 1 of bench. A prepared bench surface apparently was identified but not assigned a
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
South end of kiva, between Pilasters 1 and 4 (Features 2 and 8, respectively).
Vertical location
Approximately 102 cm above bedrock (Surface 3) (from Architectural Summary form and Database Map 4024).
Construction
The back wall of the bench (which is also the upper lining wall of the kiva) and the side walls of the bench (which are formed mostly by the two pilasters [Pilasters 1 and 4] that flank it) were constructed of unpecked masonry. Other architectural details
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good.
Degree of preservation
Roof missing. Black-and-white photo 1986-59-28 (field photo number; not digitized as of 7/14/03) shows the west end of the back wall is missing.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Plan: lopsized trapezoid. Cross section: L-shaped.
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4048.
Height
No
See Database Map 4024.
Depth
No
See Database Map 4048.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Postabandonment, wall fall.
Building blocks and slabs.
Not recorded.
Tan brown.
Not recorded.

Niche (Feature 12) Top of page
General description
Wall niche. Stacked on top of larger niche (Feature 14).
Use history
Function unknown.
Associated features
Possibly niche (Feature 14).
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
In lower lining wall below Pilaster 3 (Feature 6) and directly above larger niche (Feature 14).
Vertical location
Approximately 39 cm above floor (Surface 2).
Construction
Built into masonry wall. Both the lintel and the sill consist of single stone slabs; the sill slab also forms the lintel for Feature 14, directly below Feature 12. The documentation for the side walls of the niche is unclear: The feature form map shows th
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good.
Degree of preservation
Sill cracked and slightly slumped.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
9
Yes
Height
10
Yes
Depth
16
Yes
Rounded up from 15.5 cm.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Postabandonment, natural, wind-deposited sediment.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Light tan brown.
Sandy loam (laminated).

Niche (Feature 13) Top of page
General description
Wall niche.
Use history
Function unknown.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Lower lining wall below Bench 2 (Feature 5).
Vertical location
50 cm above floor (Surface 2).
Construction
Built into masonry wall. The sides of the niche are constructed of block masonry. Both the lintel and the sill consist of single stone slabs. The back wall is a vertical slab topped by small-stone masonry. (Construction details taken from feature form map
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good.
Degree of preservation
One or two stones missing from side walls.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
23
Yes
Height
21
Yes
Depth
24
Yes
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Postabandonment, natural wind- and water-deposited sediment.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Tan and orange tan.
Sand and silt (laminated).

Niche (Feature 14) Top of page
General description
Wall niche. Immediately below smaller niche (Feature 12).
Use history
Function unknown.
Associated features
Possibly niche (Feature 12).
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
In lower lining wall below Pilaster 3 (Feature 6) and smaller niche (Feature 12).
Vertical location
12 cm above floor (Surface 2).
Construction
Built into masonry wall. The sides of the niche are constructed of block masonry. Both the lintel and the sill consist of single stone slabs; the lintel slab also forms the sill of Feature 12, directly above Feature 14. The back wall is a vertical slab to
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good.
Degree of preservation
Lintel cracked and slightly slumped.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
29
Yes
Height
27
Yes
Depth
30
Yes
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Postabandonment, natural wind-deposited sediment.
Decomposed organic material.
Not recorded.
Tan brown.
Not recorded.
2
Postabandonment, possibly main chamber roof fall.
Unfired "adobe," charcoal flecks, sandstone, artifacts.
Not recorded.
Brown.
Sandy loam.

Deflector (Feature 15) Top of page
General description
Masonry deflector.
Use history
Deflected air around the hearth.
Associated features
Hearth (Feature 19) and ventilation system (Feature 16).
Excavation procedure
Exposed, not excavated.
Portion excavated
All exposed, none excavated.
Horizontal location
South of central hearth (Feature 19), between hearth and vent tunnel (Feature 16).
Vertical location
Floor (Surface 2).
Construction
Masonry.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good.
Degree of preservation
Partly collapsed (four to five courses remain).
Shape in plan view
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
95
Yes
Width
22
Yes
Height
41
No
South-central edge.
Depth
No
Not applicable.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Ventilation system (Feature 16) Top of page
General description
Floor-level (Surface 2) ventilation system.
Use history
Provided ventilation.
Associated features
Deflector (Feature 15) and hearth (Feature 19).
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database. Segment 1 refers to the excavation of the horizontal tunnel; Segment 2 refers to the excavation of the vertical shaft.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
South wall of kiva, below and behind (to south of) southern recess (Bench 4, Feature 1).
Vertical location
Extends from floor (Surface 2) to modern ground surface.
Construction
Vent tunnel: A loaf-shaped block forms the sill at the opening into the main chamber; the floor, which was prepared, consists of construction fill over bedrock. The tunnel ceiling consists of wood shakes spanning the width of the tunnel, covered by constr
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Degree of preservation
Not recorded in field, but photos indicate intact tunnel roof.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Plan: long, thin trapezoid. Cross section: L-shaped.
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4048.
Height
No
See Database Map 4024.
Depth
No
See Database Map 4048.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
0
Fill from vertical shaft; interpretation not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
1
Horizontal tunnel fill: postabandonment, natural wind-deposited sediments and structure collapse (ceiling materials).
Organic material (disintegrated shakes?).
Not recorded.
Brown.
Sandy.
2
Horizontal tunnel fill: postabandonment, washed-in sediments.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Alternating gray and tan.
Silt and sand, laminated.
3
Horizontal tunnel fill: intentional fill. Probably materials removed from natural, washed-in deposits in main chamber and placed in vent tunnel.
Charcoal flecks, artifacts, human bones.
Not recorded.
Brown.
Loam.

Hearth (Feature 19) Top of page
General description
Central hearth.
Use history
Formally constructed hearth. Inferred to have been used for heating, lighting, and possibly cooking.
Associated features
Deflector (Feature 15) and ventilation system (Feature 16).
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Just south of center, along kiva main axis.
Vertical location
Floor (Surface 2).
Construction
The walls of the hearth are described as having been "adobe"-plastered, the base as bedrock.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  round.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
60
Yes
Width
60
Yes
Height
No
Not applicable.
Depth
13
Yes
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
A
In-place burning, primary refuse. Small pocket in center of hearth.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
White or light gray.
Ash.
B
In-place burning, primary refuse.
Charcoal flecks, burned adobe, burned sandstone, a few artifacts.
Not recorded.
Medium gray.
Ash.

Pilaster #1 (Feature 2) Top of page
General description
Masonry pier-pilaster.
Use history
Used for roof support.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Exposed, not excavated.
Portion excavated
All exposed, none excavated.
Horizontal location
Southwest wall of kiva, between Benches 4 and 1 (Features 1 and 3, respectively).
Vertical location
On bench.
Construction
Coursed masonry construction. The facing stones are lightly pecked (but not ground) blocks. Pecked cornerstones. This pilaster is set back from the edge of the bench about 3 to 5 cm. The back (south) side serves as the upper north wall of the southwest co
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good
Degree of preservation
Database Photo 3317 shows that it was partly collapsed.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4048.
Height
100
No
This is the measurement recorded in the field, but it does not appear to agree with black-and-white photo 1986-59-29 (field photo number; not digitized as of 7/14/03).
Depth
No
See Database Map 4048.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Niche (Feature 20) Top of page
General description
Wall niche.
Use history
Added to structure after original wall construction; function unknown.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Lower lining wall, below Pilaster 3 (Feature 6).
Vertical location
11 cm above floor (Surface 2).
Construction
Niche formed by the removal of one or more wall stones and the application of a layer of "adobe" to even out the walls.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Plan: parallel sides, rounded end. Cross section: top and bottom parallel; end rounded (blunt bullet shaped).
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
21
Yes
Height
14
Yes
From feature form map.
Depth
18
Yes
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Postabandonment, main chamber roof fall?
Sandstone pieces, unfired "adobe" pieces.
Not recorded.
Brown.
Loamy.

Sipapu (Feature 21) Top of page
General description
Small floor pit: simple sipapu.
Use history
Constructed with kiva. Possibly held multiple small posts, in sequence, with the resulting holes intentionally filled with different colored sediments between uses. Floored (plastered) over by Surface 2. Function unknown; possibly ritual.
Associated features
Possibly bedrock features (Features 23 and 24).
Excavation procedure
West half excavated full cut to view stratigraphy; east half excavated by strata (see provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database).
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Just north of center, on kiva main axis.
Vertical location
Bedrock surface (Surface 3).
Construction
Hole pecked and flaked into bedrock, then lined with gray green clay.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
Yes. Floored (plastered) over by Surface 2 sediment.
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  round.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Cross section: almost vertical sides, rounded base.
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
25
Yes
East-west.
Width
21
Yes
North-south.
Height
No
Not applicable.
Depth
17
Yes
From feature form map.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Intentional fill in a scooped-out depression.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Tan.
Sand.
2
Intentional fill that filled up a vertical cylindrical hole that at one time may have held a small post.
Charcoal flecks.
Not recorded.
Gray.
Silt.
3
Intentional fill that at one time may have filled the entire feature, but that was later "cut into" during subsequent uses of the pit (see Strata 1 and 2).
None.
Not recorded.
Red tan.
Silt.
4
Constructional fill used to line the pit that was dug into bedrock.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Gray green.
Clay.

Bedrock feature (Feature 23) Top of page
General description
A stylized figure resembling Kokopelli (head, curved back, phallus, arm holding what appears to be a flute) was pecked and ground into subfloor bedrock. There is a hint of lower body elements--a leg and a foot--but these were not easily discerned.
Use history
Pecked and ground into the bedrock surface during (as part of) construction of kiva, then sealed by construction of kiva floor. Possibly represents Kokopelli; could have served a ritual function--for example, kiva dedication.
Associated features
Possibly sipapu (Feature 21) and pecked basin (Feature 24).
Excavation procedure
Exposed during subfloor exposure of bedrock; not recognized as a feature until fill removed as part of overlying structure fill (Stratum 3, PD 325).
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
West of sipapu (Feature 21).
Vertical location
Bedrock surface (Surface 3) below floor.
Construction
The back, phallus, and head were pecked into bedrock; the arm was formed primarily by grinding; the flute was pecked and slightly gound. There is a hint of a lower body (leg and foot) but it could not be clearly discerned from the surrounding modified bed
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
Yes. Sealed by construction of kiva floor (Surface 2) above it.
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
See Database Map 4050.
Width
No
See Database Map 4050.
Height
No
Not applicable.
Depth
No
Not recorded.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Bedrock feature (Feature 24) Top of page
General description
Shallow basin pecked into subfloor bedrock.
Use history
Pecked into bedrock during kiva construction, then sealed by construction of kiva floor. Function unknown, but possibly related to that of Feature 23 (another bedrock petroglyph) and Feature 21 (sipapu).
Associated features
Possibly bedrock petroglyph (Feature 23) and sipapu (Feature 21).
Excavation procedure
Exposed during subfloor exposure of bedrock; not recognized as a feature until fill removed as part of overlying structure fill (Stratum 3, PD 325).
Portion excavated
All exposed.
Horizontal location
West of sipapu (Feature 21) and another bedrock feature (Feature 23).
Vertical location
Bedrock surface (Surface 3) below floor.
Construction
Pecked into bedrock.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
Yes. Sealed by construction of kiva floor (Surface 2) above it.
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  basin-shaped.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  elliptical.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
15
Yes
Width
11
Yes
Height
No
Not applicable.
Depth
No
Not recorded.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Burned spot, surface feature (Feature 29) Top of page
General description
Oxidized and sooted sediment, with ash, charcoal, and burned sandstone.
Use history
This feature possibly was a short-term campfire built on top of the collapsed roof, or perhaps was the remains of a fire built to burn what remained of the roof after it collapsed.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Feature excavated as part of Stratum 2 (PD 131) of kiva main chamber, with all materials combined with that stratum. Later, it was decided to designate a feature (PD 1627). At that point, the only thing that could be pulled out of Stratum 2 (PD 131) and a
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Not mapped in field; probably located in northwest quadrant of main chamber.
Vertical location
Surface 1, on top of roof fall and washed-in sediment.
Construction
Not formally constructed. Expedient feature created by the burning of a fire on top of the collapsed roof.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Yes. Burned/oxidized surface.
Sooting
Yes. Sooted surface.
Sealed
No
Preservation
Degree of preservation
Not recorded.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not recorded.
Width
No
Not recorded.
Height
No
Not applicable.
Depth
No
Not recorded.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
In-place burning, primary refuse.
Ash, charcoal, burned sandstone fragments.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.

Bench segment #1 (Feature 3) Top of page
General description
Standard bench segment.
Use history
Function unknown.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database. Fill above bench excavated as Stratum 1 of bench. A prepared surface apparently was identified but not assigned a PD num
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
West side of kiva, between Pilasters 1 and 2 (Features 2 and 4, respectively).
Vertical location
Not recorded.
Construction
The back wall of the bench, which is also the upper lining wall of the kiva, is masonry construction (details not recorded in field). The sides are formed by Pilasters 1 and 2. The bench surface consists of stone covered with orange "adobe."
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good
Degree of preservation
Black-and-white photo 1986-59-30 (field photo number; not digitized as of 7/14/03) shows the side and back walls mostly intact.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Cross section: L-shaped.
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4048.
Height
No
Not recorded.
Depth
No
See Database Map 4048.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Postabandonment, wall fall.
Building blocks.
Not recorded.
Tan brown.
Not recorded.

Human remains occurrence , HRO 4 (Feature 30) (NOTE: Additional information on human remains is archived at the Anasazi Heritage Center, Dolores, Colorado.) Top of page
General description
Mostly disarticulated and scattered human skeleton (incomplete).
Use history
Remains were deposited near the time of structure abandonment; does not appear to have been a formal burial.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Just west of central hearth (Feature 19).
Vertical location
Floor (Surface 2) (Undisturbed portion in direct contact; other bones scattered in fill immediately above floor).
Construction
Not applicable.
Remodeling/ modification
No
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Poor.
Degree of preservation
Much of skeleton scattered and fragmentary.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
See Database Map 4049.
Width
No
See Database Map 4049.
Height
No
Not recorded.
Depth
No
Not applicable.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Pass-through (Feature 31) Top of page
General description
Opening in wall between the kiva vent (Feature 16) and the southwest corner room (Structure 118).
Use history
Would have allowed objects to be passed between the kiva ventilation system (Feature 16) and the southwest corner room (Structure 118).
Associated features
Same pass-through as Structure 118, Feature 22.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
West wall of vent tunnel, south end.
Vertical location
56 cm above floor of vent tunnel; 52 cm above bedrock floor (Surface 1) in corner room (Structure 118).
Construction
The side walls of the pass-through are of masonry construction. The ceiling consists of a single thin slab of sandstone that extends over the entire width and depth of the pass-through. A stone block forms the sill.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Cross section: trapezoidal.
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4048.
Height
22
Yes
Depth
No
See Database Map 4048.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Postababandonment, natural deposit, the result of root and rodent activity.
Not recorded.
Root and rodent.
Brown.
Sandy loam.

Pilaster #2 (Feature 4) Top of page
General description
Masonry pier-pilaster.
Use history
Used for roof support.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Exposed, not excavated.
Portion excavated
All exposed, none excavated.
Horizontal location
Northwest wall of kiva, between Benches 1 and 2 (Features 3 and 5, respectively).
Vertical location
On bench.
Construction
Coursed masonry construction. The facing stones are pecked blocks, including the cornerstones. The pilaster abuts the kiva-enclosing wall to the west; it is abutted by the back wall of Bench 2 (Feature 5) except for the top stones, which overlap with ston
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good
Degree of preservation
Black-and-white photo 1986-59-31 (field photo number; not digitized as of 7/14/03) shows some collapse in middle of pilaster.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4048.
Height
100
No
Approximate.
Depth
No
See Database Map 4048.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Bench segment #2 (Feature 5) Top of page
General description
Standard bench segment.
Use history
Function unknown.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database. Fill above bench removed as part of structure fill, not as part of feature. A prepared bench surface apparently was iden
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
North wall of kiva, between Pilasters 2 and 3 (Features 4 and 6, respectively).
Vertical location
Approximately 100 cm above the original floor (Surface 2).
Construction
The back wall of the bench, which is the upper lining wall of the kiva, is of masonry construction consisting of relatively small, unpecked stones; the masonry extends at least two courses below the bench surface. The side walls are formed by Pilasters 2
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good
Degree of preservation
Black-and-white photo 1986-59-32 (field photo number; not digitized as of 7/14/03) shows side and back walls to be mostly intact.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Plan: curved trapezoid. Cross section: L-shaped.
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4048.
Height
No
See Database Map 4024.
Depth
No
See Database Map 4048.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Pilaster #3 (Feature 6) Top of page
General description
Masonry pier-pilaster.
Use history
Used for roof support.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Exposed, not excavated.
Portion excavated
All exposed, none excavated.
Horizontal location
Northeast wall of kiva, between Benches 2 and 3 (Features 5 and 7, respectively).
Vertical location
On bench.
Construction
Not recorded.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good
Degree of preservation
Black-and-white photo 1986-59-33 (field photo number; not digitized as of 7/14/03) shows some collapse, especially on south side.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Plan: trapezoidal.
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4048.
Height
No
Not recorded.
Depth
No
See Database Map 4048.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Bench segment #3 (Feature 7) Top of page
General description
Bench segment.
Use history
Function unknown.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
No field documentation. Not clear if what remained of the bench was exposed on the modern ground surface and therefore did not require excavation, or if any overlying fill was removed, even if just to "clean up" the bench.
Portion excavated
Not recorded.
Horizontal location
East wall of kiva, between Pilasters 3 and 4 (Features 6 and 8, respectively).
Vertical location
Not recorded.
Construction
Not recorded.
Remodeling/ modification
Unknown
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
Unknown
Preservation
Poor
Degree of preservation
Black-and-white photo 1986-59-34 (field photo number; not digitized as of 7/14/03) shows back wall completely collapsed, sides at least damaged, surface indeterminate.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Plan: curved trapezoid.
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4048.
Height
No
Not recorded.
Depth
No
See Database Map 4048.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Pilaster #4 (Feature 8) Top of page
General description
Masonry pier-pilaster.
Use history
Used for roof support.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Exposed, not excavated.
Portion excavated
All exposed, none excavated.
Horizontal location
Southeast wall of kiva, between Benches 3 and 4 (Features 7 and 1, respectively).
Vertical location
On bench.
Construction
Not recorded.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Poor
Degree of preservation
Black-and-white photo 1986-59-35 (field photo number; not digitized as of 7/14/03) shows as mostly collapsed.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4048.
Height
No
Not recorded.
Depth
No
See Database Map 4048.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture