Structure 1005, masonry surface structure

Features


Pit: slab-lined (Feature 1) Top of page
General description
Slab-lined pit.
Use history
Unknown function. Open at abandonment?.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Southeast corner of room.
Vertical location
Floor (Surface 1).
Construction
Pit was excavated into subfloor deposits, then was lined with sandstone slabs. The west wall is constructed of vertical slabs; the south wall is formed by the room wall; the east wall is formed by a bedrock outcrop; and the north wall is constructed of ho
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
Not Recorded
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
61
Yes
Interior length.
Width
57
Yes
Height
No
Not applicable.
Depth
12
Yes
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Unknown.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.

Firepit (Feature 2) Top of page
General description
Corner firepit.
Use history
Informal pit built to contain fire(s), possibly for heat, light, and/or cooking.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Northwest corner of room.
Vertical location
Floor (exact surface unclear, but probably Surface 1).
Construction
Not recorded.
Remodeling/ modification
Yes. Description unclear; use possibly continued through construction of one or more surfaces.
Thermal alteration
Yes. Oxidation.
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
Not Recorded
Preservation
Degree of preservation
Not recorded.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  other.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Plan: quarter-round.
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
120
Yes
Width
75
Yes
Height
No
Not applicable.
Depth
10
Yes
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
In-place burning, primary refuse.
Small pieces charcoal, artifacts, burned stones.
Not recorded.
White.
Ash.

Doorway (Feature 3) Top of page
General description
Floor-level doorway.
Use history
Provided access between Structure 1005 and the courtyard (Nonstructure 1000).
Associated features
Same doorway as Nonstructure 1000, Feature 7.
Excavation procedure
Exposed, not excavated.
Portion excavated
None.
Horizontal location
North wall of room, east end.
Vertical location
Floor (Surface 1).
Construction
The sides of the doorway are masonry consisting of unpecked sandstone blocks. The base is a continuation of Surface 1 in the room (Structure 1005) and Surface 1 of the courtyard (Nonstructure 1000).
Remodeling/ modification
Yes. Documentation unclear: The doorway is described in the field notes as having been plugged with sandstone blocks set in mortar, but Database Photo 3315 shows it as unplugged.
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
Yes. Documentation unclear: The doorway is described in the field notes as having been plugged with sandstone blocks set in mortar, but Database Photo 3315 shows it as unplugged.
Preservation
Poor.
Degree of preservation
Upper portion missing.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not applicable.
Width
No
See Database Map 4141.
Height
30
No
Rounded up from 29.5 cm.
Depth
No
See Database Map 4141.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Field documentation unclear.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.
Not recorded.

Firepit (Feature 4) Top of page
General description
Central firepit.
Use history
Informal pit built to contain fire(s), possibly for heat, light, and/or cooking. Firepit was associated with the middle of three defined surfaces; it was covered/sealed by the last surface.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Center of room.
Vertical location
Floor (Surface 2).
Construction
Excavated into subfloor deposits; no other preparation.
Remodeling/ modification
Not Recorded
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Yes. In northeast portion of pit.
Sealed
Yes. The firepit was probably covered by Surface 1 (documentation unclear).
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  basin-shaped.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
40
Yes
Width
40
Yes
Height
No
Not applicable.
Depth
5
Yes
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
In-place burning, primary refuse.
Pebbles and caliche.
Not recorded.
Gray.
Ash.

Human remains occurrence , HRO 10 (Feature 5) (NOTE: Additional information on human remains is archived at the Anasazi Heritage Center, Dolores, Colorado.) Top of page
General description
Partial human skeleton.
Use history
Body appears to have been "dumped," not formally buried. Deposited after the room was abandoned and the walls had begun to collapse.
Associated features
Feature 6 (Human Remains Occurrence 11) and Feature 7 (Human Remains Occurrence 12).
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Southeast corner of room.
Vertical location
In the remains of a fire (Stratum 1) within wall fall; on top of Human Remains Occurrence 11 (Feature 6) and Human Remains Occurrence 12 (Feature 7).
Construction
Not applicable.
Remodeling/ modification
No
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good.
Degree of preservation
Bone in excellent condition, but many bones missing.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
See Database Map 4140.
Width
No
See Database Map 4140.
Height
No
Not recorded.
Depth
No
Not applicable.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Human remains occurrence , HRO 11 (Feature 6) (NOTE: Additional information on human remains is archived at the Anasazi Heritage Center, Dolores, Colorado.) Top of page
General description
Mostly intact, articulated human skeleton.
Use history
Body appears to have been "dumped," not formally buried. Deposited after the room was abandoned and the walls had begun to collapse.
Associated features
Feature 5 (Human Remains Occurrence 10) and Feature 7 (Human Remains Occurrence 12).
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Southeast corner of room.
Vertical location
In the remains of a fire (Stratum 1) within wall fall; under Human Remains Occurrence 10 (Feature 5) and above Human Remains Occurrence 12 (Feature 7).
Construction
Not applicable.
Remodeling/ modification
No
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Good.
Degree of preservation
Some bones missing, but bones present are well preserved.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
See Database Map 4140.
Width
No
See Database Map 4140.
Height
No
Not recorded.
Depth
No
Not applicable.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Human remains occurrence , HRO 12 (Feature 7) (NOTE: Additional information on human remains is archived at the Anasazi Heritage Center, Dolores, Colorado.) Top of page
General description
Articulated human skeleton.
Use history
Body appears to have been "dumped," not formally buried. Deposited after the room was abandoned and the walls had begun to collapse.
Associated features
Feature 5 (Human Remains Occurrence 10) and Feature 6 (Human Remains Occurrence 11).
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the "Field Data: Provenience Data" query in the multisite research database.
Portion excavated
All.
Horizontal location
Southeast corner of room.
Vertical location
In the remains of a fire (Stratum 1) within wall fall; under Human Remains Occurrence 10 (Feature 5) and Human Remains Occurrence 11 (Feature 6).
Construction
Not applicable.
Remodeling/ modification
No
Thermal alteration
Not Recorded
Sooting
Not Recorded
Sealed
No
Preservation
Excellent.
Degree of preservation
Shape in plan view
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  irregular.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
See Database Map 4140.
Width
No
See Database Map 4140.
Height
No
Not recorded.
Depth
No
Not applicable.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture