Structure 3-S, subterranean kiva

Features


Hearth (Feature 2) Top of page
General description
Central kiva hearth.
Use history
Primary thermal feature of Structure 3-S, a kiva.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Not excavated; only outer edge of rim exposed.
Portion excavated
Portion within excavation unit; north outer section of rim.
Horizontal location
South end of Structure 3-S, Segment 1.
Vertical location
Surface 1.
Construction
Pit excavated into construction fill and sterile clay; unknown if hearth was lined because of limited exposure.
Remodeling/ modification
Unknown
Thermal alteration
Sooting
Unknown
Sealed
Unknown
Preservation
Degree of preservation
NR.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred:  unknown.
Shape in cross section
Actual:  unknown.
Inferred:  unknown.
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
No
Not exposed.
Width
No
Not exposed.
Height
No
Depth
No
Not exposed.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture

Pit: not further specified (Feature 3) Top of page
General description
Circular pit that may have been a sipapu.
Use history
Based on location, this may have been a sipapu.
Associated features
None.
Excavation procedure
Recorded in provenience data, which are available through the モField Data: Provenience Dataヤ query in the multisite research database. Top of feature was truncated during excavation.
Portion excavated
Entire feature.
Horizontal location
East-central area of Structure 3-S, Segment 1; 80cm north of kiva hearth.
Vertical location
Pit is believed to be associated with Surface 1, even though it was not detected until subflooring occurred.
Construction
Pit excavated into sterile soil; pit lined with fill identical to the subfloor fill of Surface 1.
Remodeling/ modification
No
Thermal alteration
No
Sooting
No
Sealed
Yes. Stratum 1 may have been intentionally deposited inside pit to seal it, however, it may have been an incidental deposit
Preservation
Degree of preservation
NR.
Shape in plan view
Actual:  rectangular.
Inferred: 
Shape in cross section
Actual:  round.
Inferred: 
Shape comments
Dimensions
 
Actual
Complete?
Inferred
Comments
Length
16
Yes
North-south.
Width
17
Yes
East-west.
Height
No
Depth
20
No
Pit was deeper than actual depth because top of feature was truncated during excavation.
Stratigraphy
Stratum
Interpretation
Inclusions
Disturbance
Color
Texture
1
Intentional or incidental cultural deposit; may have been deposited to seal pit
None
Not recorded.
Brown to red brown
Sandy silt
2
Fill used to line pit; identical to subfloor fill below Surface 1
None
Not recorded.
Orange
Silty sand