Nonstructure 4.4-N, extramural surface

About this Nonstructure

Has Surface
No Masonry

General Location

Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom. Immediately south of Nonstructure 1-N and southwest of Structure 1 ( a tested kiva).

Specific Location

Lower fill of Segment 1 (EU 51); rests below Nonstructure 4.3-N and on top of Nonstructure 4.2-N.

Selection Criteria

Part of Nonstructure 4-N testing; see Nonstructure 4-N and associated EU for description and explanation of testing strategy.


Prehistoric ground surface associated with the construction of an extramural wall (Feature 3).


Covered by secondary refuse.

Postabandonment Process

Not applicable.

Dating of Construction

No pottery or tree-ring data. Based on stratigraphic position, this surface postdates a cultural deposit Nonstructure 4.2-N) and predates a secondary refuse deposit (Nonstructure 4.3-N).

Dating of Remodeling

Not applicable.

Dating of Abandonment

Not applicable.

Dating of Midden

Not applicable.

Dating of Reuse

Not applicable.

Date Range

4 (A.D. 900–1280)

Site-Wide Dating

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 1 Area of canyon bottom
section LW Lower west side (canyon bottom)
subperiod 8 Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)

Excavation Details for Excavation Units

In order by excavation unit number.

Excavation Unit



Segment 1 N E.
(1- x- 1- m)
Lower west side.
North part of Nonstructure 4; roughly 2 m south of the masonry wall that defines the south boundary of the Structure 1 kiva and associated courtyard.

Selection Criteria

Judgmental. This unit was placed upslope of all the random units in Nonstructure 4 to look for thicker secondary refuse deposits.

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Undisturbed native sediment.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
cultural deposit, type unknown
extramural surface