Nonstructure 1.21-N, extramural surface

About this Nonstructure

Has Surface
No Masonry

General Location

Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom.

Specific Location

Lower half of Segment 9 (EU 40); below Nonstructure 1.20-N and above Nonstructure 1.22-N.

Selection Criteria

Part of Nonstructure 1-N testing; see Nonstructure 1-N and associated EU for description and explanation of testing strategy.


Ground surface associated with the construction and use of a pit (Feature 4).


Covered by fill that contains redeposited secondary refuse.

Postabandonment Process

See Abandonment.

Dating of Construction

Pottery recovered from the sediment underlying the surface dates from A.D. 900 to 1300. The stratigraphic position suggests that this surface was used later than one extramural surface (Nonstructure 1.22-N) but earlier than another extramural surface (Nonstructure 1.20-N).

Dating of Remodeling

Not applicable.

Dating of Abandonment

Surface abandoned before the canyon bottom was abandoned (another extramural surface postdates this surface).

Dating of Midden

Not applicable.

Dating of Reuse

No evidence of reuse.

Date Range

4 (A.D. 900–1280)

Site-Wide Dating

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 1 Area of canyon bottom
section LW Lower west side (canyon bottom)
subperiod 8 Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)

Excavation Details for Excavation Units

In order by excavation unit number.

Excavation Unit



Segment 9 N E.
(1 x 1 m)
Lower west side.
SE corner of Nst 1.

Selection Criteria

Judgmental. Selected to identify if open, flat area, known as Nonstructure 1 was a plaza or a great kiva; placed north of a stone alignment running W/SW - E/NE.

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Undisturbed native sediment.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
extramural surface
extramural surface
extramural surface