Nonstructure 1.19-N, extramural surface

About this Nonstructure

Has Surface
No Masonry

General Location

Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom.

Specific Location

Near limits of excavation in Segment 8 (EU 39); below Nonstructures 1.16-N, 1.17-N and 1.18-N.

Selection Criteria

Part of Nonstructure 1-N testing; see Nonstructure 1-N and associated EU for description and explanation of testing strategy.


Outdoor surface associated with the construction of a wall (Feature 12).


Covered with secondary refuse.

Postabandonment Process

Not applicable.

Dating of Construction

Types of pottery sherds recovered from the sediment underlying the surface suggests surface dates from Pueblo III times. The surface rests below two midden deposits (Nonstructures 1.17-N and 1.18-N), and another extramural surface (Nonstructure 1.16-N), and consequently predates these cultural deposits.

Dating of Remodeling

No evidence of remodeling.

Dating of Abandonment

Abandoned earlier than the abandonment of the canyon bottom, because the surface was covered by later cultural deposits.

Dating of Midden

Not applicable.

Dating of Reuse

No evidence of reuse.

Date Range

2 (A.D. 1140–1280)

Site-Wide Dating

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 1 Area of canyon bottom
section LW Lower west side (canyon bottom)
subperiod 8 Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)

Excavation Details for Excavation Units

In order by excavation unit number.

Excavation Unit



Segment 8 N E.
(1 x 1 m)
Lower west side.
Southwest corner of Nst 1.

Selection Criteria

Judgmental. Selected to identify if open, flat area, known as Nonstructure 1 was a plaza or a great kiva; placed up against a stone alignment that forms south boundary of Nst 1; unit is also situated on the east edge of a low rubble mound that extends further to the

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Undisturbed native sediment.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
extramural surface
extramural surface