Nonstructure 1.16-N, extramural surface

About this Nonstructure

Has Surface
No Masonry

General Location

Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom.

Specific Location

Near modern ground surface in Segment 8 (EU 39); rests above Nonstructures 1.17-N, 1.18-N, and 1.19-N.

Selection Criteria

Part of Nonstructure 1-N testing; see Nonstructure 1-N and associated EU's for description and explanation of testing strategy.


Outdoor use surface constructed in association with an extramural wall (Feature 10).


Artifacts left on surface; probably abandoned as part of the canyon bottom abandonment.

Postabandonment Process

Surface covered by natural deposits and wall fall.

Dating of Construction

No construction dates. Pottery resting on the surface dates between A.D. 900 and 1300. The stratigraphic position of this surface indicates that the surface postdates two secondary refuse deposits (Nonstructures 1.17-N and 1.18-N) and an extramural surface (Nonstructure 1.19-N).

Dating of Remodeling

No evidence of remodeling.

Dating of Abandonment

Probably abandoned when the canyon bottom was abandoned, because it is one of the latest surfaces in the area.

Dating of Midden

Not applicable.

Dating of Reuse

No evidence of reuse.

Date Range

4 (A.D. 900–1280)

Site-Wide Dating

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 1 Area of canyon bottom
section LW Lower west side (canyon bottom)
subperiod 8 Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)

Excavation Details for Excavation Units

In order by excavation unit number.

Excavation Unit



Segment 8 N E.
(1 x 1 m)
Lower west side.
Southwest corner of Nst 1.

Selection Criteria

Judgmental. Selected to identify if open, flat area, known as Nonstructure 1 was a plaza or a great kiva; placed up against a stone alignment that forms south boundary of Nst 1; unit is also situated on the east edge of a low rubble mound that extends further to the

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Undisturbed native sediment.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
extramural surface
extramural surface