Nonstructure 1.12-N, extramural surface

About this Nonstructure

Has Surface
No Masonry

General Location

Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom.

Specific Location

Near modern ground surface in Segment 6 (EU 37); rests near top of Nonstructure 1.11-N and above Nonstructures 1.13-N, 1.14-N, and 1.15-N.

Selection Criteria

Part of Nonstructure 1-N testing; see Nonstructure 1-N and associated EU for description and explanation of testing strategy.


Extramural surface associated with the construction of a wall (Feature 11).


Probably abandoned as part of the canyon bottom abandonment.

Postabandonment Process

Not applicable.

Dating of Construction

No tree-ring or pottery data. The stratigraphic position of this surface indicates that the surface was used relatively late in the occupation of this area--the surface postdates a cultural deposit (Nonstructure 1.11-N) and an earlier, extramural surface (Nonstructure 1.13-N).

Dating of Remodeling

No evidence of remodeling.

Dating of Abandonment

Probably abandoned when the canyon bottom was abandoned since it is believed to be one of the latest surfaces in the area.

Dating of Midden

Not applicable.

Dating of Reuse

No evidence of reuse.

Date Range

4 (A.D. 900–1280)

Site-Wide Dating

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 1 Area of canyon bottom
section LW Lower west side (canyon bottom)
subperiod 8 Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)

Excavation Details for Excavation Units

In order by excavation unit number.

Excavation Unit



Segment 6 N E.
(1 x 1 m)
Lower west side.
Northwest corner of Nonstructure 1.

Selection Criteria

Judgmental. Selected to identify if open, flat area, known as Nonstructure 1, was a plaza or great kiva; placed adjacent to and south of a stone alignment that forms the north boundary of Nonstructure 1.

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Unclear if last stratum excavated is sterile soil or fill.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
cultural deposit, type unknown
extramural surface
extramural surface
cultural deposit, type unknown