Nonstructure 4.2-N, cultural deposit, type unknown

About this Nonstructure

No Surface
No Masonry

General Location

Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom. Immediately south of Nonstructure 1-N and southwest of Structure 1 (a tested kiva).

Specific Location

Lower fill of 1-x-1-m 291N 470E (EU 1), 1-x-1-m 293N 466E (EU 2), 1-x-1-m 295N 462E (EU 3), 1-x-1-m 295N 467E(EU 4), and Segment 1 (EU 51). Rests below Nonstructures 4.1-N and 4.3-N. Nonstructure 4.4-N rests on top of this deposit.

Selection Criteria

Part of Nonstructure 4-N testing; see Nonstructure 4-N and associated EU's for description and explanation of testing strategy.

Use

It is unclear if this is a natural, pre-occupational deposit with intrusive cultural material or an early cultural deposit. Pottery from this deposit does not appear earlier than pottery from later assemblages in this area. This deposit is interpreted as prehistoric ground surface, when intensive occupation in this area began.

Abandonment

Not applicable.

Postabandonment Process

Not applicable.

Dating of Construction

Not constructed; pottery data suggest this deposit dates from late Pueblo II and Pueblo III times. Based on stratigraphic position, this deposit predates a secondary refuse deposit (Nonstructure 4.3-N) and an extramural surface (Nonstructure 4.4-N).

Dating of Remodeling

Not applicable.

Dating of Abandonment

Not applicable.

Dating of Midden

Not applicable.

Dating of Reuse

Not applicable.

Date Range

3 (A.D. 1000–1280)

Site-Wide Dating

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 1 Area of canyon bottom
section LW Lower west side (canyon bottom)
subperiod 8 Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)

Excavation Details for Excavation Units

In order by excavation unit number.

Excavation Unit

1

Location

1-x-1 meter grid unit 291N 470E.
Lower west side.
Along the south boundary of Nonstructure 4; approximately 8 m south of Structure 1.

Selection Criteria

Random. Fourth unit randomly-selected for testing in Nonstructure 4.

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Undisturbed native sediment.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
Nonstructure
4.1-N
midden
Nonstructure
4.2-N
cultural deposit, type unknown

Excavation Unit

2

Location

1-x-1 meter grid unit 293N 466E.
Lower west side.
South-central part of Nonstructure 4; approximately 7 m south of Structure 1.

Selection Criteria

Random. Second unit randomly-selected for testing in Nonstructure 4.

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Undisturbed native sediment.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
Nonstructure
4-N
noncultural
Nonstructure
4.1-N
midden
Nonstructure
4.2-N
cultural deposit, type unknown

Excavation Unit

3

Location

1-x-1 meter grid unit 295N 462E.
Lower west side.
West part of Nonstructure 4; roughly 3 m south of Structure 1.

Selection Criteria

Random. Third unit randomly-selected for testing in Nonstructure 4.

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Undisturbed native sediment.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
Nonstructure
4-N
noncultural
Nonstructure
4.1-N
midden
Nonstructure
4.2-N
cultural deposit, type unknown

Excavation Unit

4

Location

1-x-1 meter grid unit 295N 467E.
Lower west side.
East part of Nonstructure 4; approximately 4 meters south of Structure 1.

Selection Criteria

Random. First unit randomly-selected for testing in Nonstructure 4.

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Undisturbed native sediment.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
Nonstructure
4.1-N
midden
Nonstructure
4.2-N
cultural deposit, type unknown

Excavation Unit

51

Location

Segment 1 N E.
(1- x- 1- m)
Lower west side.
North part of Nonstructure 4; roughly 2 m south of the masonry wall that defines the south boundary of the Structure 1 kiva and associated courtyard.

Selection Criteria

Judgmental. This unit was placed upslope of all the random units in Nonstructure 4 to look for thicker secondary refuse deposits.

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Undisturbed native sediment.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
Nonstructure
4-N
noncultural
Nonstructure
4.2-N
cultural deposit, type unknown
Nonstructure
4.3-N
midden
Nonstructure
4.4-N
extramural surface