Nonstructure 1.11-N, cultural deposit, type unknown

About this Nonstructure

No Surface
No Masonry

General Location

Lower west side; base of talus slope near canyon bottom.

Specific Location

Upper fill of Segment 6 (EU 37); rests above Nonstructures 1.13-N, 1.14-N, and 1.15-N. Nonstructure 1.12-N rests in this deposit.

Selection Criteria

Part of Nonstructure 1-N testing; see Nonstructure 1-N and associated EU for description and explanation of testing strategy.

Use

This is intepreted as a cultural deposit because of the random orientation of the inclusions, and the lack of sorting that is indicative of alluvial deposition. It contains few artifacts and therefore is not believed to be secondary refuse. It may be constructional fill, but it is not clear what was being constructed. An extramural surface (Nonstructure 1.12-N) was defined near the top of this deposit, because of the presence of a wall (Feature 11). It may be that fill was laid to create a constructional surface.

Abandonment

Not applicable.

Postabandonment Process

Not applicable.

Dating of Construction

Pottery data indicate that this fill was deposited during the Pueblo III period. The stratigraphic position suggests that this deposit postdates an extramural surface (Nonstructure 1.13-N), a cultural deposit (Nonstructure 1.15-N), and a refuse deposit (Nonstructure 1.14-N).

Dating of Remodeling

Not applicable.

Dating of Abandonment

Not applicable.

Dating of Midden

Not applicable.

Dating of Reuse

Not applicable.

Date Range

2 (A.D. 1140–1280)

Site-Wide Dating

Groups to Which This Study Unit was Assigned

See The Archaeology of Woods Canyon Pueblo (specifically the chapters on architecture, chronology, and artifacts) for more information on study unit groupings at Woods Canyon Pueblo.

Type ID Description
area 1 Area of canyon bottom
section LW Lower west side (canyon bottom)
subperiod 8 Early Pueblo III (A.D. 1140-1225)

Excavation Details for Excavation Units

In order by excavation unit number.

Excavation Unit

37

Location

Segment 6 N E.
(1 x 1 m)
Lower west side.
Northwest corner of Nonstructure 1.

Selection Criteria

Judgmental. Selected to identify if open, flat area, known as Nonstructure 1, was a plaza or great kiva; placed adjacent to and south of a stone alignment that forms the north boundary of Nonstructure 1.

Excavation Strategy

Strata subdivided into arbitrary levels.

Unit Ends at

Unclear if last stratum excavated is sterile soil or fill.

Study Unit(s) Identified in this Excavation Unit

Study Unit Type
Study Unit Number
Study Unit Description
Nonstructure
1-N
noncultural
Nonstructure
1.11-N
cultural deposit, type unknown
Nonstructure
1.12-N
extramural surface
Nonstructure
1.13-N
extramural surface
Nonstructure
1.14-N
midden
Nonstructure
1.15-N
cultural deposit, type unknown