Structure 234, subterranean kiva

CONSTRUCTION

Method and Sequence

A large, round pit was excavated from the prehistoric ground surface into undisturbed native sediment. The pit was stepped in approximately half way through the excavation to create a bench. The bench and upper lining wall were lined with coursed masonry. A prepared adobe floor surface was constructed on undisturbed native sediment. A round pit was excavated from Surface 1 into undisturbed native sediment and was constructed into a hearth. A sandstone slab deflector was constructed south of the hearth. Coursed masonry pilasters were constructed on the bench face. The bench and pilasters were plastered. A cribbed roof (inferred) was constructed on the pilasters.

Dimensions

 
Actual
Inferred
Comments
Length
467
Measured east-west; bench face to bench face; Map 293.
Width
Height
Depth
148
 

Method of Roof Support

pilasters

Roof Description

Two coursed masonry pilasters were exposed in Backhoe Trench 227.