Structure 117, subterranean kiva

CONSTRUCTION

Method and Sequence

(1) A large, round pit was excavated from the prehistoric ground surface into undisturbed native sediment; (2) a ventilator system was excavated in the southern recess (inferred); (3) the bench, ventilator system and southern recess were lined with single-coursed-wide masonry (inferred); (4) coursed-masonry pilasters were constructed on the bench surface (inferred); (5) a hearth was excavated from Surface 1 into undisturbed native sediment; (6) a coursed-masonry deflector was constructed south of the hearth (inferred); (7) the floor was plastered with adobe; (8) a cribbed roof was constructed on the pilasters (inferred); (9) the bench, pilasters, and upper lining wall were plastered (inferred).

Dimensions

 
Actual
Inferred
Comments
Length
200
Measured north-south; Map 331.
Width
200
Measured east-west; Map 331.
Height
Depth
211
 

Method of Roof Support

pilasters

Roof Description

No pilasters were exposed during excavation. Pilasters are inferred to have been the roof support for Structure 117 based on construction trends during the early Pueblo III period.