Structure 3-S, subterranean kiva

CONSTRUCTION

Method and Sequence

Little is known about the construction of this kiva because none of its architecture was exposed; like most kivas in the Mesa Verde region, a pit was probably dug and then lined with masonry to create an upper lining wall and bench; there is evidence that a floor was laid and a hearth and a pit feature were constructed; the kiva was roofed based on the evidence of a collapsed roofing sediment in the structure fill.

Dimensions

 
Actual
Inferred
Comments
Length
175
530
Actual length = north-south length of excavation unit at floor level; inferred diameter=diameter of depression at modern ground surface.
Width
Height
Depth
 

Method of Roof Support

No evidence.

Roof Description

Collapsed roofing sediment found in kiva fill (Stratum C on Map 72).